Reading List

Background/Foundational Reading:

  • John Paul Lederach, Preparing for Peace: Conflict Transformation Across Cultures
  • Ramsbotham, Woodhouse, and Miall, Introduction to Conflict Resolution: Concepts and Definitions

Recommended:

  • John Paul Lederach, Building Peace
  • John Paul Lederach, The Moral Imagination: The Art and Soul of Building Peace

Human vs. national security in border regions (Thursday, June 11)

Jeff Pugh /Gabriel Orozco/Col. Flavio Cárdenas

  • Matt McDonald, Human Security and the Construction of Security, Global Society
  • Gabriel Orozco, “Epistemic Security Communities in Security Studies and the Interpretation of World Order”
  • Angela Oels, From Securitization of Climate Change to Climatization of the Security Field

Recommended:

  • Shahar Hameiri and Lee Jones, “The Politics and Governance of Non-Traditional Security,” International Studies Quarterly
  • Maiah Jaskoski, The Ecuadorian Army: Neglecting a Porous Border While Policing the Interior
  • World Development Report: Conflict, Security, and Development. Read ‘Overview’ section
  • H. Liotta, Boomerang Effect: The Convergence of National and Human Security
  • Barry Buzan and Lene Hansen, “Widening and Deepening Security,” in The Evolution of International Security Studies

TRIP TO BAEZA

Transnational environmental conflict (Friday June 12-Sunday June 14)

Jeff Pugh

  • Garrett Hardin, The Tragedy of the Commons, Science
  • Jeff Pugh, Challenges and Opportunities of Human Conflict and Environmental Transformation, Pirineos
  • BBC: Eco-tourism Hope for Ecuadorian Tribes
  • Adrian Martin, Environmental Conflict Between Refugee and Host Communities

Recommended:

  • Good Practices in Transforming Socio-Environmental Conflicts in Latin America
  • Diane Bates, Deforestation in Ecuador
  • Michael Ross, What Do We Know about Natural Resources and Civil War?

Skills workshop: Conflict analysis I (Monday June 15)

Cécile Mouly

  • Johan Galtung, Direct, Structural, and Cultural Violence

Forced migration and social conflict in migrant-receiving communities // Transnational dimensions of peacebuilding (Tuesday June 16)

Jeff Pugh // Yves-Renée Jennings

  • Karen Jacobsen, Factors Influencing the Policy Responses of Host Governments to Mass Refugee Influxes
  • Lana Balyk and Jeff Pugh, Networked Governance in Ecuador’s Border Regions
  • Mejia, Children at the Border: Recruitment of Children by Colombian Irregular Armed Groups in Ecuador
  • Kushner, Haitians Face Persecution Across Dominican Border
  • Ramsbotham and Zartman, Building Peace Across Borders

Recommended:

  • Reyes et al, Holding the Line? The Effect of the Recent Border Build-up on Unauthorized Immigration

Border disputes and binational peace processes: Ecuador-Colombia and Ecuador-Peru (Wednesday, June 17)

Francisco Carrión

  • Evan Briscoe, Trouble on the borders: Latin America’s new conflict zones
  • Beth Simmons, Territorial Disputes and their Resolution: The Case of Ecuador-Peru

Recommended:

Skills workshop: cross-cultural and non-violent communication as peacebuilding resource (Thursday, June 18)

Belén Garrido

  • Marshall Rosenberg, Nonviolent Communication

TRIP TO TULCAN (Friday June 19-Saturday June 20)

  • Jeff Pugh, Negotiating Identity and Belonging through the Invisibility Bargain: Colombian Forced Migrants in Ecuador

Indigenous identity and ethnic conflict along borders, the importance of civil society in peacebuilding, and the Truth and Verification Fact-Finding Commission (Monday, June 22)

Rev. Israel Batista

  • Carmen Martinez Novo, The Backlash Against Indigenous Rights in Ecuador’s Citizen’s Revolution
  • Loramy Gerstbauer, The Whole Story of NGO Mandate Change: The Peacebuilding Work of World Vision, Catholic Relief Services, and Mennonite Central Committee
  • Chronology of the Ecuadorian Indigenous Movement

Recommended:

  • Green & Seher, What Role Does Prejudice Play in Ethnic Conflict?
  • Russell Hardin, Social Capital
  • Carmen Martinez Novo, Managing Diversity in Post-Neoliberal Ecuador

Skills workshop: project proposal development (Tuesday, June 23)

  • Adam Przeworski and Frank Salomon, Some Candid Suggestions on the Art of Writing Proposals
  • CARE: Guidance for Designing, Monitoring, and Evaluating Peacebuilding Projects

Recommended:

  • Lederach, et al, Reflective Peacebuilding: A Planning, Monitoring, and Learning Toolkit
  • OECD: Understanding and Evaluating Theories of Change
  • USAID, Theories of Change and Indicator Development in Conflict Management and Mitigation

Skills workshop: negotiation and mediation (Thursday, June 25)

Jeff Pugh

  • Lewicki et al, Strategy and Tactics of Integrative Negotiation
  • William Ury, The Third Side

Recommended:

  • Paul Wehr and John Paul Lederach, Mediating Conflict in Central America
  • William Zartman, The Timing of Peace Initiatives: Hurting Stalemates and Ripe Moments
  • Hartzell & Hoddie, Institutionalizing Peace: Power Sharing and Post-Civil War Conflict Management
  • Jeffrey Pugh, The Structure of Negotiation: Lessons from El Salvador for Contemporary Conflict Resolution

Disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration (DDR) and the Colombian armed conflict (Wednesday, June 26)

Cécile Mouly

  • Joanna Spear, Disarmament and Demobilization
  • Marieke Denissen, Re-Integrating Ex-Combatants into Civilian Life: The Case of the Paramilitaries in Colombia

Recommended:

  • Kathleen M. Jennings (2007) “The Struggle to Satisfy: DDR Through the Eyes of Ex-combatants in Liberia”. International Peacekeeping. Vol.14, No.2, pp.204-218

Local initiatives and national infrastructures for peace // review of proposals (Monday, June 29)

Alvaro Ramirez-Durini

  • Rolf Carrier, Global Civil Society Initiative to Create a Large-Scale, Unarmed Peaceforce: A New Instrument for the Peacebuilder’s Toolkit
  • Ulrike Hopp-Nishanka, Giving Peace an Address? Reflections on the Potential and Challenges of Creating Peace Infrastructures
  • Paul van Tongeren, Potential cornerstone of infrastructures for peace? How local peace committees can make a difference

Recommended:

  • Cécile Mouly, The Nicaraguan Peace Commissions: A Sustainable Bottom-Up Peace Infrastructure

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